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Periodontal and Gum Disease

Gum disease is a leading cause of tooth loss?
The recent Adult Dental Health Survey showed:

• 83% of adults with teeth had signs of gum disease
• Around 6% of people surveyed had lost all of their teeth
• Around 13% of people surveyed had lost at least one tooth

What is Gum disease?
Gum disease is a common complaint and is caused by bacteria that live inside your mouth. These bacteria attach to the teeth and irritate the gums. The early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Early warning signs of gum disease are bleeding when you brush your teeth and bad breath.

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. The gums become red and swollen (inflamed), so if you notice bleeding when you brush your teeth it is important to see your dentist to prevent get treatment.

periodontal tooth



Early Signs of Gingivitis

  • Bleeding Gums
  • Tenderness
  • Inflamed Gums
  • Gums becoming red rather than a healthy pink.

It is vital to have regular dental checks as gum disease is not always painful. Regular teeth cleaning with a dental hygienist can reduce the risk of you developing gingivitis by removing the build up of harmful plaque.

Untreated gingivitis can develop into a more destructive form of gum disease known as Periodontitis. Periodontitis can lead to the gums detaching from the teeth to form what dentist call ‘pockets’, which attract even more bacteria, and can cause bone loss, tooth loosening and eventually teeth loss.

Will my gum disease affect my health?
Research has shown there is a relationship between your gum health and general health. For example, there is strong evidence to suggest Periodontitis can adversely affect diabetes and may increase the risk of future heart (cardiovascular) diseases. Therefore, managing gum disease may also help with the management of other health conditions.

How do I know if I have gum disease?
You may notice your gums bleeding whilst brushing or flossing your teeth, or have bad breath. Your gums may have receded making your teeth look longer which can lead to temperature sensitivity. In some cases your teeth might feel wobbly. If you have any of these signs you should contact your Smilepod dentist to check your gums.

How can my Smilepod dentist manage my gum disease?
If your gum disease is mild then your Smilepod dentist will treat you. However, there are some situations which are more complex. For example, if you’ve got a more aggressive form of gum disease, diabetes, take certain medications, have dental implants, or smoke. In some circumstances, despite initial treatment your gum disease may not improve. In these situations your Smilepod dentist may need to refer you to Dr Anju ourSpecialist Periodontist.